In our previous posts we issued Ind AS 1 Presentation Of Financial Statements and Ind AS 2 Inventories. Now this is Ind AS 7 Statement Of Cash Flows. You can also read Roadmap for implementation of Ind AS here.
Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows
Ind AS 7 prescribes principles and guidance on preparation and presentation of cash flows of an entity from operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for a reporting period.
The objective of Ind AS 7 is to provide information about the historical changes in cash and cash equivalents of an entity during the reporting period from its operating, investing and financing activities.
Cash flows are inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents. Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Cash and cash equivalents include demand deposits, certain short-term investments and in some cases, bank overdrafts.
Information about the cash flows of an entity is useful in providing users of financial statements with a basis to assess the ability of the entity to generate cash and cash equivalents and the needs of the entity to utilise those cash flows. The economic decisions that are taken by users require an evaluation of the ability of an entity to generate cash and cash equivalents and the timing and certainty of their generation.
Key Requirements of Ind AS 7 (Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows)
The statement of cash flows is required to report cash flows classified by operating, investing and financing activities along with the components of cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and end of the reporting period, except in limited circumstances where cash flows are offset and reported on net basis.
Operating Activities (Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows)
Operating activities are the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity and other activities that are not investing or financing activities. Cash flows from operating activities are primarily derived from the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity. Therefore, they generally result from the transactions and other events that enter into the determination of profit or loss.
The amount of cash flows arising from operating activities is a key indicator of the extent to which the operations of the entity have generated sufficient cash flows to repay loans, maintain the operating capability of the entity, pay dividends and make new investments without recourse to external sources of financing.
An entity shall report cash flows from operating activities using either the ‘direct method’ or the ‘indirect method’. Under direct method, major classes of gross cash receipts and payments are presented. However, under indirect method, profit or loss is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature; deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments; and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows.
Cash flows arising from taxes on income shall be separately disclosed and classified as cash flow from operating activities unless they can be specifically identified with financing or investing activities.
Investing activities (Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows)
Investing activities are the acquisition and disposal of long-term assets and other investments not included in cash equivalents. The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from investing activities is important because the cash flows represent the extent to which expenditures have been made for resources intended to generate future income and cash flows.
The aggregate cash flows arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses shall be presented separately and classified as investing activities.
Financing activities are activities that result in changes in the size and composition of the contributed equity and borrowings of the entity. The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from financing activities is important because it is useful in predicting claims on future cash flows by providers of capital to the
An entity shall report separately major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments arising from investing and financing activities.
Non- cash transactions
Investing and financing transactions that do not require the use of cash or cash equivalents shall be excluded from the statement of cash flows. Such transactions shall be disclosed elsewhere in the financial statements in a way
that provides all the relevant information about these investing and financing activities.
Foreign currency cash flows
Cash flows arising from transactions in a foreign currency shall be recorded in an
entity’s functional currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the cash flow. The cash flows of a foreign subsidiary shall be translated at the exchange rates between the functional currency and the foreign currency
at the dates of the cash flows.
Unrealised gains and losses arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates are not cash flows. However, the effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents held or due in a foreign currency is reported in the statement of cash flows in order to reconcile cash and cash equivalents at the
beginning and the end of the period.
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Cash and cash equivalents
An entity shall disclose the components of cash and cash equivalents and shall present a reconciliation of the amounts in its statement of cash flows with equivalent items reported in the balance sheet.
An entity shall disclose, together with a commentary by management, the amount of significant cash and cash equivalents held by the entity that are restricted for specific purposes.
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